After your sleep test you may be diagnosed with one of the following sleep disorders:
Sleep Apnea - a disorder of breathing during sleep that typically is accompanied by loud snoring and consists of brief periods throughout the night in which breathing stops. There are two major types:
- Obstructive Sleep Apnea is the most common, it is due to an obstruction in the airway during sleep.
- Central Apnea is caused by a delay in the signal from the brain to breathe.
Insomnia is characterized by difficulty falling or staying asleep or awakening too early. Insomnia can be transient, short-term, or chronic in nature.
Narcolepsy is a chronic disorder affecting the brain where regulation of sleep and wakefulness take place.
Restless Leg Syndrome (RLS) is a discomfort in the legs that is commonly referred to as a crawling, tingling/prickling sensations.
Periodic Limb Movements in Sleep (PLMS) is a variation of RLS and is characterized by leg movements or jerks which typically occur every 20 to 40 seconds during sleep.
Parasomnia (Sleep Terrors) is characterized by a sudden arousal from slow wave sleep with a piercing scream or cry accompanied by autonomic and behavioral manifestations of intense fear.
Hypersomnia is a persistent sleepiness despite having adequate sleep periods.
Somnambulism (Sleepwalking) is a series of complex behaviors that are initiated during slow wave sleep and result in walking during sleep.
Bruxism is a stereotyped movement disorder characterized by grinding or clenching of the teeth during sleep.