Interventional radiologists specialize in minimally invasive treatments for vascular diseases.
With the use of medical imaging, these radiologists can view arteries and locate the source of the disease. Interventional radiologists are cited as the inventors of angioplasty, a medical procedure that is performed to mechanically widen a narrow or obstructed blood vessel, which was first used in the legs to treat peripheral arterial disease (PAD) occurs when fatty deposits build up in the lining of the artery walls, which lead to restricted blood circulation (typically arteries leading to the kidneys, stomach, arms, legs and feet).
Many conditions that once required surgery can be treated without invasive procedures by interventional radiologists. Interventional radiology treatments are lauded as being less risky, less painful and require less recovery time compared to open surgery.